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There are numerous special interest groups, PACs, [ clarification needed ] organizations, corporations who have public and private positions on the multifaceted topic of global warming.

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The following is a partial list of the types of special interest parties that have demonstrated an interest in the politics of global warming:. The various interested parties sometimes align with one another to reinforce their message.

Sometimes industries will fund specialty nonprofit organizations to raise awareness and lobby on their behest. In the scientific literature , there is a strong consensus that global surface temperatures have increased in recent decades and that the trend is caused primarily by human-induced emissions of greenhouse gases.

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Can climate science shift climate politics?

The politicization of science in the sense of a manipulation of science for political gains is a part of the political process. It is part of the controversies about intelligent design [48] [49] compare the Wedge strategy or Merchants of Doubt , scientists that are under suspicion to willingly obscure findings.

While the IPCC process tries to find and orchestrate the findings of global climate change research to shape a worldwide consensus on the matter [54] it has been itself been object of a strong politicization. The IPCC process faces currently a paradox lockstep [55] where having built a broad science consensus does not hinder governments to follow different, if not opposing goals.

A linear model of policy-making, based on a more knowledge we have, the better the political response will be does therefore not apply. Knowledge policy , [55] successfully managing knowledge and uncertainties as base of political decision making requires a better understanding of the relation between science, public lack of understanding and policy instead.

Historically, the politics of climate change dates back to several conferences in the late s and the early s under NATO and President Richard Nixon. One year later in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change was created by the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme to assess the risk of human-induced climate change.

In the book The First Global Revolution was published by the Club of Rome report which sought to connect environment, water availability, food production, energy production, materials, population growth and other elements into a blueprint for the twenty-first century: political thinking was evolving to look at the world in terms of an integrated global system not just in terms of weather and climate but in terms of energy needs, food, population, etc. The conference established a yearly meeting, a conference of the parties or COP meeting to be held to continue work on Protocols which would be enforceable treaties.

However, in the same year, the US Senate passed Byrd—Hagel Resolution rejecting Kyoto without more commitments from developing countries. In that time, global CO2 emissions have risen significantly and developing countries have grown significantly with China replacing the United States as the largest emitter of greenhouse gases. To some, the UNFCCC has made significant progress in helping the world become aware of the perils of global warming and has moved the world forward in the addressing of the challenge.

To others, the UNFCCC process has been a failure due to its inability to control the rise of greenhouse gas emissions. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the scientific journal, see Climate Policy journal. Main article: World energy consumption. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.

The Science and Politics of Global Climate Change

April Main articles: Developing world and Newly industrialized country. Main article: Political economy of climate change. See also: Political economy of climate change and Climate Vulnerable Forum.

See also: Adaptation to global warming and Mitigation of global warming. Main articles: Global warming controversy , Politicization of science , and Knowledge policy. Politics portal Global warming portal. Retrieved 29 November New York Times. Retrieved 28 November Retrieved 26 May The Dartmouth. Archived from the original on 24 March Massachusetts Environmental Energy Alliance. Retrieved 12 December Wigley, David Steven Schimel, The carbon cycle. Cambridge University Press, , pp. Renewables Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century.

Archived from the original PDF on 15 December London: The Guardian. Retrieved 3 December Climate Analytics. Archived from the original on 24 July Retrieved 19 May Retrieved 8 December Draft decision proposed by the President EN. Other languages available. London: The Independent. The Commentator.


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The New York Times. Retrieved 20 April Global Climate Action Portal. Retrieved 22 October US Dept of State. Retrieved 22 February Center for Public Integrity. Retrieved 23 February For one thing, "global warming," the popular term at the time, does not describe the entire phenomenon, because climate change affects different places around the world in different ways.

Inspiration came, in part, from the European heat wave, which killed an estimated 70, people and ravaged crop yields across swaths of the continent. Glick said he doesn't know whether he and his co-founder, the Rev. Paul Mayer, were the first to use "climate crisis," but he soon learned Gore was using it, too.

The former vice president was prowling through internet domain names to promote the term when he found the Climate Crisis Coalition. So he called the group up and offered to buy it, an offer it promptly accepted. Fast-forward to , "climatecrisis.

Behind the Curve

Gore has gone on to use the phrase almost constantly, and some of his other rhetoric from 10 years ago sounds as if he could be on the vanguard of climate activism today with the likes of the Sunrise Movement. Take, for instance, a appearance on "The Daily Show With Jon Stewart" in which Gore made a statement that still resonates in the Democratic primary.

Gore's current group, the Climate Reality Project, promotes an open petition asking news organizations to use "climate crisis" in place of "climate change" or "global warming. It points to research from SPARK Neuro, an advertising consulting firm, that suggests "climate crisis" evokes a much stronger emotional response. While the phrase itself dates to more novel times in the climate movement, it has come into more popular use in recent months after a spate of dire scientific warnings and revived energy in the advocacy world. Two major climate reports, the National Climate Assessment and the latest from the U.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, also underscored the urgency last fall.

4. Support for Policies to Address the Pollution that Causes Global Warming

To keep temperatures from rising more than 1. Rabe added that while it's not clear that "climate crisis" alone can break political stalemates, it might be an effective "rallying cry" for policies that often ask people to make short-term sacrifices, such as a carbon price that raises the cost of fossil fuels. The original House climate committee, created by Rep.


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  5. Nancy Pelosi D-Calif. Scientists more often use "climate change" because it describes more accurately the full range of consequences from man-made greenhouse gas emissions. But even that term has in the past been given a political tinge. GOP pollster Frank Luntz famously penned a memo in arguing that to combat Democrats' perceived strength on environmental issues, Republicans should use "climate change" instead of "global warming" because the former is less threatening.

    It found that "global warming" drew out more emotional engagement and support for action than "climate change," and that Americans are generally more familiar with "global warming" as a term. In this Congress, while advancing big ideas, leaders also have a chance to make progress on more modest but crucial building blocks. A growing number of GOP politicians see the rising economic and political force in clean energy. Will we see them embrace policies to modernize the grid, promote renewables and efficiency, curb methane waste and pollution, move to next-generation refrigerants?

    Measures like that could move in the House, and even be embraced in the Senate, if both parties read the political handwriting on the wall. Almost certainly, climate change will play bigger in the election. More Americans will be affected, many grievously. When the next president takes office, he or she will find the American people ready for—and ready to demand—the ambitious transition to the clean energy and a low-carbon future that our survival depends on.

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